Dear Sir or Madam, website uses cookies, which are intended to record visits. This website does not use cookies that contain your personal information.

Do you allow the usage of cookies on this webpage?
Born on this day
Robert Allen Palmer
3rd week in year
19 January 2020

Important eventsBack

Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore receives its premiere performance in Rome19.1.1853

Wikipedia (19 Mar 2013, 09:47)

Il trovatore (The Troubadour) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El Trovador (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez. Cammarano died in mid-1852 before completing the libretto. This gave the composer the opportunity to propose significant revisions, which were accomplished under his direction by the young librettist Leone Emanuele Bardare, and they are seen largely in the expansion of the role of Leonora.

The opera was first performed at the Teatro Apollo, Rome, on 19 January 1853 where it "began a victorious march throughout the operatic world". Today it is given very frequently and is a staple of the standard operatic repertoire. It appears at number 23 on the Operabase list of the most-performed operas worldwide.

Performance history

The opera's immense popularity, with some 229 productions worldwide in the following three years, is illustrated by the fact that "in Naples, for example, where the opera in its first three years had eleven stagings in six theaters, the performances totaled 190".

It was first performed in Paris in Italian on 23 December 1854 by the Théâtre-Italien at the Salle Ventadour. The cast included Lodovico Graziani as Manrico and Adelaide Borghi-Mamo as Azucena. A French version translated by E. Milien Pacini and called Le trouvère was first performed at La Monnaie in Brussels on 20 May 1856 and at the Paris Opera's Salle Le Peletier on 12 January 1857. Emperor Napoleon III and Empress Eugénie attended the latter performance. Verdi made some changes to the score for the French premiere of Le trouvère including the addition of music for the ballet in act 3 and several revisions focusing on the music of Azucena, including an extended version of the finale of act 4, to accommodate the role's singer Borghi-Mamo. Some of these changes have even been used in modern performances in Italian.

Il trovatore was first performed in the US on 2 May 1855 at the recently opened Academy of Music in New York while its UK premiere took place on 10 May 1855 at Covent Garden in London.

Today, almost all performances use the Italian version, although in 2002 the French version, Le trouvère appeared as part of the Sarasota Opera's "Verdi Cycle" of all the composer's work, to be completed by 2016.

" Beautiful moments of our lives."